Interchange Of Active And Passive Voice
  
Interchange Of Active And Passive Voice
Patterns And Examples
Published:
8/29/2013
Format:
E-Book (available as ePub files) What's This
ISBN:
978-1-46893-671-1
Active and passive voice | interchange of active and passive voice | Patterns: 1. First or second form of verb, 2. Auxiliary verb ‘be’ + ing form of verb, 3. Have/has/had + verb third form, 4. Present/future modals + verb word, 5. Past modals + past participle, 6. Verb + preposition, 7. Main verb + object + complement, 8. Main verb + object + object, 9. Has/have/had + infinitive (to + verb), 10. Auxiliary verb ‘be’ + infinitive (to + verb), 11. Verb + object + infinitive (without ‘to’), 12. There + auxiliary verb + noun (subject) + infinitive, 13. Interrogative sentences, 14. Imperative sentences, 15. Principal clause + that + noun clause (object), Use of prepositions
ACTIVE VOICE - Definition The form of a verb in which subject is the person or thing that performs the action. PASSIVE VOICE - Definition The form of a verb in which subject is affected by the action of the verb. Basic Difference between Active and Passive Voice: In Active Voice – Subject performs the action. Examples: They finished the work. He published his novel. She will apply for this job. I purchased new books. In Passive Voice – Subject is affected by the action of the verb. [Thus, ‘object’ of active voice is highlighted in passive voice] Examples: Work was finished by them. His novel was published by him. This job will be applied by her. New books were purchased by me.   Interchange Of Active And Passive Voice- While changing from active voice into passive voice, subject in active voice is changed into object (followed by preposition ‘by’) and object in active voice is changed into subject. Also remember: Sometimes instead of using preposition ‘by’, you may have to use other prepositions. Important Rules: For Changing From Active Voice Into Passive Voice Rule 1: The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. And the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive voice. Example: Active Voice – You study English [Subject – You, Object – English] Passive Voice – English is studied by you. [Subject – English, Object – You] Note – You can omit object (subject of active voice) in passive voice if it gives enough meaning. Example: Active Voice – We should respect our elders. [Subject – We, Object – elders] Passive Voice – Elders should be respected by us. [Subject – Elders, Object – us] Or Passive Voice – Elders should be respected. [Subject – Elders, Object – ‘Omitted’] Rule 2: The verb of the active sentence is always changed in past participle (third form of verb) in different ways. Some are as follows: Is/am/are/was/were + past participle Is/am/are/was/were + being + past participle Have been/has been/had been + past participle Will be/shall be/can be/may be + past participle Would be/could be/should be/might be + past participle [Very Important Note – Auxiliary verbs in passive voice are used according to the tense of sentence] Rule 3: Proposition ‘by’ is used to introduce the passive object (the work was finished by me.). [Sometimes, others prepositions (at, in, with, for) are used instead of by] You should use the passive when you just do not know the active subject or you want to make the active object more important THERE ARE SOME SITUATIONS WHERE PASSIVE VOICE IS NOT POSSIBLE: TENSES Some Tenses Cannot Be Changed Into Passive Voice. These Are As Follows: Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Future Continuous Tense, Future Perfect Continuous Tense. VERBS - Intransitive verbs can’t be changed into passive voice because there is no object in intransitive verbs. Note – There are two types of verbs - Transitive Verb – Needs Object, Intransitive Verb – Don’t Need Object -- Examples: Transitive Verb - We applied for a job. There Is Object - ‘a job’ - in this sentence. Thus, this sentence could be changed into passive voice. Intransitive Verb - We sleep. There is no Object in this sentence. (Thus, passive voice is not possible)
Manik Joshi Was Born On Jan 26, 1979 At Ranikhet And Is Permanent Resident Of Haldwani, Kumaon Zone Of India. He Is An Internet Marketer By Profession. He Is Interested In Domaining (Business Of Buying And Selling Domain Names), Web Designing (Creating Websites), And Various Online Jobs (Including 'Self Book Publishing'). He Is Science Graduate With ZBC (Zoology, Botany, And Chemistry) Subjects. He Is Also An MBA (With Specialization In Marketing). He Has Done Three Diploma Courses In Computer Too. ManikJoshi.com Is The Personal Website Of The Author.
 
 



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