Development of Personality and Its Theories
  
Development of Personality and Its Theories
Published:
8/29/2012
Format:
E-Book (available as Mobi files) What's This
ISBN:
978-1-46891-349-1
In this book, we shall discuss about personality, Concept of personality, Characteristic of personality, The nature of personality, Assumptions of personality, Determinants of personality, Personality theories types of theories, Descriptive personality theories, Predictive personality theories, Prominent personality theories, Intrapsychic / psychoanalytic theory, Freud’s structure of personality, Defensive mechanisms ,Type theories, Sheldon’s physiognomy theory, Carl Jung’s extrovert and introvert theory, Trait theories, Gordon Allports trait theory of personality, Social learning theory, Observational learning, Skinner’s behaviorist learning theory of personality, How personality develops? / The shaping of the personality, Freud’s five stages of personality, Erikson’s eight life stages, Argyris immaturity to maturity stages, Big five model of personality, The “big five” personality factors, Personality structure, Personality traits influencing organization behavior, Self-esteem, Self-monitoring and Personality characteristics in organizations.
CHAPTER 1 PERSONALITY AND CONCEPT OF PERSONALITY “Personality is result of the battle for control between id, ego & superego” Sigmund Freud “She felt that those who prepared for all the emergencies of life beforehand may equip themselves at the expense of joy.” E.M. Forster “Howards End” “Personality in terms of self, an organized , permanent subjectively perceived entity, which is at the very heart of all our experience” Carl Rogers “Personality as that which an individual really is, an internal something that guides and directs all human activities” Gordon Allport “Life proceeds in terms of a series of psychological crisis, and personality is a function of their outcome” Erickson “Personality as the individual’s unique way of making sense out of life experiences” George Kelly “The structure of personality as composed of three elements the id, ego and super ego” Sigmund Freud “Personality is the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others” Stephen P Robbins INTRODUCTION In this book, we shall discuss the personality, Concept of personality, Characteristic of personality, The nature of personality, Assumptions of personality, Determinants of personality, Personality theories types of theories, Descriptive personality theories, Predictive personality theories, Prominent personality theories, Intrapsychic / psychoanalytic theory, Freud’s structure of personality, Defensive mechanisms ,Type theories, Sheldon’s physiognomy theory, Carl Jung’s extrovert and introvert theory, Trait theories, Gordon Allports trait theory of personality, Social learning theory, Observational learning, Skinner’s behaviorist learning theory of personality, How personality develops? / The shaping of the personality, Fraud’s five stages of personality, Erikson’s eight life stages, Argyris immaturity to maturity stages, Big five model of personality, The “big five” personality factors, Personality structure, Personality traits influencing organization behavior, Self-esteem, Self-monitoring and Personality characteristics in organizations DEFINING PERSONALITY The term Personality derived from the Latin word “persona”, which means “mask.” It refers to an individual’s distinct and relatively enduring pattern of thoughts, feelings, needs, motives, values, attitudes and behaviors. It excludes race, gender, and physical Attractiveness  It refers to the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others.  Personality refers to the distinctive and relatively enduring way of thinking, feeling, and acting for a particular individual  The inner psychological characteristics that both determine and reflect how a person responds to his or her environment  The nature of personality reflects individual differences and it is consistent and enduring and change of behaviour.  Relatively stable and distinctive patterns of behavior that characterize an individual and his or her reactions to the environment  Personality is a relatively stable set of characteristics that influences an individual’s behavior  It is Unique, relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling and behaving  It refers to Preferences – for how handle situations, what is the sense of humor, or your expectations of others. CONCEPT OF PERSONALITY  It refers to Personal characteristics that lead to consistent patterns of behavior  It refers to f the variance in behavior  It refers to the both the person and the situation act as significant causes of behavior in organizations, thus reinforcing the importance of properly managing the situations that employees work in an organization.  It is a complex pattern of deeply embedded psychological characteristics that are  Largely unconscious  Cannot be eradicated easily and  Express them automatically in every facet of functioning.  It involves Intrinsic and pervasive, these traits are  Emerge from a complicated matrix of • Biological dispositions and • Experiential learning’s and  Now comprise the individual’s distinctive pattern of • Perceiving, thinking, feeling and coping. CHARACTERISTIC OF PERSONALITY  It is an abstraction which based on inferences that derived from behavioral observation of person.  Personality is different from one person to another. It can be made clear it.  It refers to an evolving process that subject to a variety of internal and external influences, it including in terms of genetic and biological propensities, social experience and changing environmental circumstances. THE NATURE OF PERSONALITY Nature of personality refers to the following issues:  It Develops over a person’s lifetime  Generally, it is stable in the context of work  It can influence career choice, job satisfaction, stress, leadership, and even performance ASSUMPTIONS OF PERSONALITY There are three basic assumptions are listed below: 1. Personality relatively stable and therefore predictable 2. Personality is relatively stable across situations 3. People differ in how much of a particular trait they possess; no two people exactly alike on all traits
Dr.B.Hiriyappa, is a Ph.D, He is prolific author of 16 books: Strategic Management, Strategic Management for Chartered Accountant, Investment Management, Organizational Behavior, business environment, Business Policy and Strategic Management, Strategic Management and Business Policy : For Managers and Consultants.23 E books are Strategic Analysis, Strategic Planning, Formulation of Functional Strategy, Business Environment, Business Policy and Strategic management etc.
 
 


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